Dental bone grafts are processes executed to augment the amount of bone in parts of your jaw where bone resorption has happened, or supplemental reinforcement is required. For example, the bone for the grafting procedure could be taken from other parts of your body to integrate it into the existing bone in the jaw surgically. Synthetic bone also helps in bone grafts.
You may need a dental bone graft if you plan to undergo further procedures like having dental implants or if bone loss affects the well-being of the nearby gums and teeth.
If you want to learn more about bone grafts near you, we suggest you continue reading this article for the essential information you need on this procedure.
Bone grafts are performed using several techniques, but the basic procedure remains the same. First, an oral surgeon or dentist makes incisions in the jaw to attach other bone material. Bone grafts usually become necessary if you have lost one or more teeth or have gum disease. Loss of teeth and gum disease both cause bone loss in the jaw.
The preferred technique for dental bone grafting is when the surgeon or dentist takes bone from your hip, back of the jaw, or tibia. This procedure is called an autograft which is considered the gold standard because it increases bony support in the jaw and promotes faster healing besides new bone formation.
Besides autograft’s dentists also perform allografts, xenografts, and alloplasts. Allografts use one from another person or a cadaver, while xenografts use bone from animals. Alloplasts use synthetic material to provide bone grafts.
Mentioned below are some familiar reasons why you may need dental bone grafts.
If you intend to replace missing teeth with dental implants, you may need a bone graft if you have an insufficient bone in your jaw. Dental implants are artificial tooth roots resembling screws embedded in your jawbone. A dental crown matching the neighboring teeth is then placed over the implant. In many cases, a bone graft becomes essential to provide a stable base for the implant.
You may require a dental bone graft even if you don’t have any missing teeth because the procedure may become necessary to support a part of your jaw where bone loss has occurred due to tooth loss or gum disease. The process becomes necessary because bone loss can affect the neighboring teeth and gum tissue. The bone graft helps stabilize the jaw and prevents further bone loss and long-term health complications.
Other candidates for bone grafting include people whose appearance is affected by bone loss. People with bone loss in the lower jaw are affected by changes in their lips and muscles around them to change their appearance. Bone loss is familiar among the elderly because they can develop bone-thinning conditions like osteoporosis as they get older. However, people who have suffered injuries or do not maintain appropriate dental hygiene may also need a dental bone graft.
Bone grafting procedures that don’t require harvesting bone from the patient’s body are relatively minor. You receive sedation during the process to ensure you don’t feel any pain until after the anesthesia wears off. After that, the pain is manageable using over-the-counter pain relievers for a few days. However, if the bone was harvested from your body, the recovery is rather uncomfortable because the surgery is performed in two locations, like your hip and jaw.
After you undergo a dental bone graft, you can leave with gauze over the incision in your mouth. You receive instructions for changing the dressing during the next 24 hours and prescriptions for antibiotics to help prevent infections. You may also accept a prescription for palliatives. Some post-operative care tips include the following:
During your recovery, you must avoid scorching liquids like coffee or soups. Avoiding strenuous activity like contact sports that may damage the incision is best when recovering. You must stay away from crunchy and hard foods or nuts to avoid irritating the incision.
Your jaw begins feeling normal after a few weeks. However, require a few months before your jaw is strong to receive implants. Continue with regular visits to your dentist for checkups, including at least one round of x-rays during your recovery.
If you intend to have dental implants or have lost bone due to tooth decay or gum disease, please schedule an appointment with Patrick V Nicosia, DDS, MS, Inc. to determine whether you need a bone graft and undergo the procedure from this experienced professional.